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古画上的人是怎么喝茶的?

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期: 2016-01-13  来源:ag登录_ag登录官网-【开户首充送大礼】 34937   关注: 加关注

画,在中国艺术文化里有着独特的艺术魅力。文人墨客可以以茶来表明自己淡泊的心志、也可以用茶来悟禅得道。在我国绘画史上,有许多ag登录用茶、品茶、斗茶的图画,表现了我国茶人积极乐观、谦虚礼让的精神,也就是 “和”的精神。

《hanxizaiyeyantu》jubu [wudai]guhongzhong《hanxizaiyeyantu》juanben,kuan28.7limi,zhang335.5limi,shouzangyubeijinggugongbowuyuan。


 

ag登录pipashengqi,jiangnanjijingdeyebeizhengranbodong,yeyankaishile。

huazhong,tiaojishangchahu、chawanhechadian,sanfangbinkemianqian,zhurenzuotashang,binkeyouzuoyouzhan,zuobianyifurendanqin,binkemenyibianpincha,yibiantingqin。

hanxizaiyuanweibeihai(jinshandongweifang)ren,chushenguanhuanmingmen,tounantanghoulvxianguocequebubeixinyong,mianlinbeisongdabingyajing,gouyancanchuandehouzhuliyuxiangyongtaweixiang,zizhihuitianwulidehanxizaiweibimiannantanghouzhuliyudecaiyi,tiantianhuanyan,yeyeshengse,jiecibiaoshiduiyuzhengzhilewuxingqu。lihouzhuwentinghoupaichuhuajiaguhongzhonghezhouwenjuyeruhanfulejieshiqing,huajiayihanxizaiyeyandechangjingmohuachengtu,lihouzhukanhou,xixuzhiyu,fachule“diaolanyuqiyingyouzai,zhishizhuyangai”dekaitan。

《diaoqinchuomingtujuan》(tingqintu) [tang]zhoufang

《diaoqinchuomingtujuan》, juanbenshese、zong28limi、 heng75.3limi,miaohuitangdaishinvdanguqinyinchadeshenghuoqingjing,xianyoumeiguonaerxun·aijingsiyishubowuguanzang。

 


 

tuzhonggonghuawuren,zhongjiansanrenweiguizufunv,yirenyushishangdiaoqin,lingliangweiyibianchuoming,yibianceerjingtingqinsheng。liangceshizhe,yirenshouduanchatuo,yirenzhichabei。renwushennianxianjingduanzhuang。renwuzuheyouzuoyouli,shumideti,fuyoubianhua,huazhongdefunvfengjiaqumei,nongliduozi,zhenggehuamianbiaoxianchutangdaiguizufunvyouxianzidedeqingtai。

《douchatujuan》 [nansong]liusongnian《douchatujuan》zhuluyu《shiqubaojierbian·zhonghuagongzang》。


 

ag登录douchazuizaochuxianyutangdaizhongqi。juwumingshi《meifeifu》zai:“kaiyuannianjian,(tang)xuanzongyufeidoucha。guzhuwangxiyue:‘cimeijingye。chuibaiyudi,zuojinghongwu,yizuoguanghui。douchajinyoushengwodian。’”zheishidouchadezuizaojilu。buguo,zailishishangzuijiangjiu、zuirezhongyudouchadezeyaosuansongdai,douchazhifengzaisongdaidadaogaofeng。

宋代唐庚的《斗茶记》写得较为详细: 二三人聚集在一起,献出各自所藏的珍茗,烹水沏茶,互斗次第。到了南宋,不仅名茶产地及寺院有斗茶之举,就连民间也普遍开展。南宋画家刘松年的《斗茶图卷》更是生动地展现了集市买卖茶叶民间斗茶的景象。这种斗茶,很有些现时评茶的味道,并与茶叶市场交易联系在一起。

《douchatujuan》zheluyu《shiqubaojierbian zhonghuagongzang》。citujuanmiaohuideshiminjiandouchaqingjing: jigechafanzaimaimaizhiyu,qiaoyuhuoxiangyueyiqi,xijianyushuyinxia,gezinachujuezhao,doushijiaoliang,gegeshentaizhuanzhu,dongzuoziru,haiyuanledangshidedouchachangjing。

ag登录《luyupengchatu》(yuan) zhaoyuan

《luyupengchatu》shuzhibenshuimo,zong27limi,heng78limi,xianyouzhongguotaiwanshengtaibeigugongbowuyuanzang。

 


 

zheifuhuabiaoxianletangdaizhumingcharenluyudegushi。

ag登录luyuyizhishidanboqinggaodewenrenchongbaideouxiang。cituweishuimohua,shanshicunfacebiyuanzhuan,shudiancuhou,huafengxuedongyuaneryousuobianhua。yiluyupengchaweiticai,yongshuimoshanshuihuafanyingyouyatianjingdehuanjing,yuanshanjinshui,youyishanyanpinghuantuchushuimian,yixuanhongchang,maoyanshuzuo,wuneieguanbodai、yizuotashangzhejiweiluyu,qianyouyitongzibeilupengcha。

huajiazitimingwei《luyupengchatu》,bingfushiyishou: “shanzhongmaowushisheijia?wuzuoxianyindaorixie。sukebulaishanniaosan,hutongjishuizhuxincha。”tuwenbingmao,zhuzaoleshidafuyanxiagujiyuquanshigaohuangdejingshenshijie,yecongyigecemianzhesheleyuandaideshehuisichao。

《huishanchahuitu》jubu [ming]wenzhengming

《huishanchahuitu》zong22limi,heng67limi,xianzangyubeijinggugongbowuyuan。

 


 

daizhengdeshisannian(1518nian),qingmingshijie,chunyimengfa。shiniansishijiusuidewenzhengming,hehaoyoucaiyu、wangshou、wangchong、tangzhendengren,jiebanyoulanwuxihuishan,zai“tianxiadierquan”deerquantingxia,“zhuquanyuwangshiding,sanfeiersanchuozhi”,tamenpinchachangtan、yinshichanghe。shihou,wenzhengminghualeyifu《huishanchahuitu》,miaohuicicijuhui。

一三九一年,明太祖朱元璋下诏废团茶,改制芽茶,自此中国的茶艺由唐代用来煎煮的茶饼到宋代用来拂击的茶末,到明代演变为用来冲泡的茶叶。

mingdaichayezhizuofangfadebiandong,yindongchajudezhuanbian,chaxibuzhiquxiangyinyiqingjing。shihaomingyin、pinjianmingcha,yantaochayichengweiwenrenyashisuozhuiqiudeyizhongshidaifengshang。pinchachengweimingdaiwenrenzhuiqiushenghuoqingqu、zairichangshenghuozhongshufangxinglingdezhongyaoshouduan。

mingdaiyiqiandehuihuazuopinzhongyeyoubushao“cha”yuansudecanyu,danshiqueweidumeiyoumingdaizheizhongzhuanmendeyichashihuoyichahuiweiticaidezuopin,wenrenyajihuodongdaomingdaiyihouchuxianlebijiaomingxiandebianhua,daliang“chahui”ticaidehuihuazuopinwenshi。

《pengchaxiyantu》(qing) qianhuian

《pengchaxiyantu》weilizhou,zhiben,shese,zong62.1limi,heng59.2limi。shouzangyushanghaibowuguan。

 


 

xiyanyutunmo,pengchahebiyan

zheifuzuopindebeijingxuanzezhelidituchuleyige“ya”zi。huazhongzhurengongzhishenzaiyigecangsongyanyingzhixiadeshuixiedangzhong,pinglanyuantiao,jirenyigaoyatuosuzhigan。xiezhongdeqinanshangbaifangzheyizhangyaoqin,pangbiandetushu、chaju、dingyi、shangpingyiyichenlie,jingranyouxu。

yuanzhonglianggexiaotong,yigezhengdunzaishuixiexiadeshijieshang,xiaoxinyiyidishuaxizheyifangshiyan,jiweijinyuweilongguolai,zaishuizhonghuankuaidiyouzhe;lingyigexiaotongzhengzhanzaihuolubianpengcha,hongnixiaohuolushangjiazheyibadongpotilianghu,lubianhaifangyouyigesecaiguyadechayeguan,erzheishidexiaotongzhengcetouguankanyizhifeiqidexianhe。ciqingcijingzhenghuachuleneifumingliansuomiaohuideyijing: “xiyanyutunmo;pengchahebiyan”。

 
 
 
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